Changes in / [5f95b5f:69ce455]

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  • doc/papers/general/Paper.tex

    r5f95b5f r69ce455  
    12391239The result of this rule is that any reference can be rebound using the existing pointer assignment semantics by assigning a compatible pointer into the address of the reference, \eg @&r1 = &x;@ above.
    12401240This rebinding can occur to an arbitrary depth of reference nesting; $n$ address-of operators applied to a reference nested $m$ times will produce an lvalue pointer nested $n$ times if $n \le m$ (note that $n = m+1$ is simply the usual C rvalue address-of operator applied to the $n = m$ case).
    1241 The explicit address-of operators can be thought of as ``cancelling out'' the implicit dereference operators, \eg @(&`*`)r1 = &x;@ or @(&(&`*`)`*`)r3 = &(&`*`)r1;@ or even @(&`*`)r2 = (&`*`)`*`r3;@ for @&r2 = &r3;@.
     1241The explicit address-of operators can be thought of as ``cancelling out'' the implicit dereference operators, \eg @(&`*`)r1 = &x@ or @(&(&`*`)`*`)r3 = &(&`*`)r1@ or even @(&`*`)r2 = (&`*`)`*`r3@ for @&r2 = &r3@.
    12431243Since pointers and references share the same internal representation, code using either is equally performant; in fact the \CFA compiler converts references to pointers internally, and the choice between them in user code can be made based solely on convenience.
    1256 \TODO{Pull more draft text from user manual; make sure to discuss initialization and reference conversions}
     1256Given that a reference is meant to represent a lvalue, \CFA provides some syntactic shortcuts when initializing references.
     1257There are three initialization contexts in \CFA: declaration initialization, argument/parameter binding, and return/temporary binding.
     1258In each of these contexts, the address-of operator on the target lvalue may (in fact, must) be elided.
     1259The syntactic motivation for this is clearest when considering overloaded operator-assignment, \eg @int ?+=?(int &, int)@; given @int x, y@, the expected call syntax is @x += y@, not @&x += y@.
     1261This initialization of references from lvalues rather than pointers can be considered a ``lvalue-to-reference'' conversion rather than an elision of the address-of operator; similarly, use of a the value pointed to by a reference in an rvalue context can be thought of as a ``reference-to-rvalue'' conversion.
     1262\CFA includes one more reference conversion, an ``rvalue-to-reference'' conversion.
     1264\TODO{finish reference conversions; look at user manual}
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