source: src/Concurrency/Actors.cpp @ 37273c8

Last change on this file since 37273c8 was 37273c8, checked in by Andrew Beach <ajbeach@…>, 5 months ago

Removed the old-ast-compatable FunctionDecl? constructor. However, enough cases pass nothing polymorphic along some of the uses of the constructor now go to a new monomorphic function constructor.

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1//
2// Cforall Version 1.0.0 Copyright (C) 2015 University of Waterloo
3//
4// The contents of this file are covered under the licence agreement in the
5// file "LICENCE" distributed with Cforall.
6//
7// Actors.cpp -- generate code needed by the actor system
8//
9// Author           : Colby Parsons
10// Created On       : Thurs Jan  19 15:34:00 2023
11// Last Modified By : Colby Parsons
12// Last Modified On : Thurs Jan  19 15:34:00 2023
13// Update Count     : 0
14//
15
16#include "AST/Print.hpp"
17#include "AST/Decl.hpp"
18#include "AST/Pass.hpp"
19#include "AST/Type.hpp"
20#include "AST/Stmt.hpp"
21#include "AST/TranslationUnit.hpp"
22#include "AST/Expr.hpp"
23#include <algorithm>
24using namespace ast;
25using namespace std;
26
27namespace Concurrency {
28
29struct CollectactorStructDecls : public ast::WithGuards {
30    unordered_set<const StructDecl *> & actorStructDecls;
31    unordered_set<const StructDecl *>  & messageStructDecls;
32    const StructDecl ** requestDecl;
33    const EnumDecl ** allocationDecl;
34    const StructDecl ** actorDecl;
35    const StructDecl ** msgDecl;
36    StructDecl * parentDecl;
37    bool insideStruct = false;
38    bool namedDecl = false;
39
40    // finds and sets a ptr to the allocation enum, which is needed in the next pass
41    void previsit( const EnumDecl * decl ) {
42        if( decl->name == "allocation" ) *allocationDecl = decl;
43    }
44
45    // finds and sets a ptr to the actor, message, and request structs, which are needed in the next pass
46    void previsit( const StructDecl * decl ) {
47        if ( !decl->body ) return;
48        if ( decl->name == "actor" ) {
49            actorStructDecls.insert( decl ); // skip inserting fwd decl
50            *actorDecl = decl;
51        } else if( decl->name == "message" ) {
52            messageStructDecls.insert( decl ); // skip inserting fwd decl
53            *msgDecl = decl;
54        } else if( decl->name == "request" ) *requestDecl = decl;
55        else {
56            GuardValue(insideStruct);
57            insideStruct = true;
58            parentDecl = mutate( decl );
59        }
60        }
61
62    // this catches structs of the form:
63    //     struct dummy_actor { actor a; };
64    // since they should be:
65    //     struct dummy_actor { inline actor; };
66    void previsit ( const ObjectDecl * decl ) {
67        if ( insideStruct && ! decl->name.empty() ) {
68            GuardValue(namedDecl);
69            namedDecl = true;
70        }
71    }
72
73    // this collects the derived actor and message struct decl ptrs
74    void postvisit( const StructInstType * node ) {
75        if ( ! *actorDecl || ! *msgDecl ) return;
76        if ( insideStruct && !namedDecl ) {
77            auto actorIter = actorStructDecls.find( node->aggr() );   
78            if ( actorIter != actorStructDecls.end() ) {
79                actorStructDecls.insert( parentDecl );
80                return;
81            }
82            auto messageIter = messageStructDecls.find( node->aggr() );
83            if ( messageIter != messageStructDecls.end() ) {
84                messageStructDecls.insert( parentDecl );
85            }
86        }
87        }
88
89  public:
90    CollectactorStructDecls( unordered_set<const StructDecl *> & actorStructDecls, unordered_set<const StructDecl *> & messageStructDecls,
91        const StructDecl ** requestDecl, const EnumDecl ** allocationDecl, const StructDecl ** actorDecl, const StructDecl ** msgDecl ) 
92        : actorStructDecls( actorStructDecls ), messageStructDecls( messageStructDecls ), requestDecl( requestDecl ), 
93        allocationDecl( allocationDecl ), actorDecl(actorDecl), msgDecl(msgDecl) {}
94};
95
96// keeps track of all fwdDecls of message routines so that we can hoist them to right after the appropriate decls
97class FwdDeclTable {
98
99    // tracks which decls we have seen so that we can hoist the FunctionDecl to the highest point possible
100    struct FwdDeclData { 
101        const StructDecl * actorDecl;
102        const StructDecl * msgDecl;
103        FunctionDecl * fwdDecl;
104        bool actorFound;
105        bool msgFound;
106
107        bool readyToInsert() { return actorFound && msgFound; }
108        bool foundActor() { actorFound = true; return readyToInsert(); }
109        bool foundMsg() { msgFound = true; return readyToInsert(); }
110
111        FwdDeclData( const StructDecl * actorDecl, const StructDecl * msgDecl, FunctionDecl * fwdDecl ) :
112            actorDecl(actorDecl), msgDecl(msgDecl), fwdDecl(fwdDecl), actorFound(false), msgFound(false) {}
113    };
114
115    // map indexed by actor struct ptr
116    // value is map of all FwdDeclData that contains said actor struct ptr
117    // inner map is indexed by the message struct ptr of FwdDeclData
118    unordered_map<const StructDecl *, unordered_map<const StructDecl *, FwdDeclData *>> actorMap;
119
120    // this map is the same except the outer map is indexed by message ptr and the inner is indexed by actor ptr
121    unordered_map<const StructDecl *, unordered_map<const StructDecl *, FwdDeclData *>> msgMap;
122
123    void insert( const StructDecl * decl, const StructDecl * otherDecl, unordered_map<const StructDecl *, unordered_map<const StructDecl *, FwdDeclData *>> & map, FwdDeclData * data ) {
124        auto iter = map.find( decl );
125        if ( iter != map.end() ) { // if decl exists in map append data to existing inner map
126            iter->second.emplace( make_pair( otherDecl, data ) );
127        } else { // else create inner map for key
128            map.emplace( make_pair( decl, unordered_map<const StructDecl *, FwdDeclData *>( { make_pair( otherDecl, data ) } ) ) );
129        }
130    }
131
132  public:
133    // insert decl into table so that we can fwd declare it later (average cost: O(1))
134    void insertDecl( const StructDecl * actorDecl, const StructDecl * msgDecl, FunctionDecl * fwdDecl ) {
135        FwdDeclData * declToInsert = new FwdDeclData( actorDecl, msgDecl, fwdDecl );
136        insert( actorDecl, msgDecl, actorMap, declToInsert );
137        insert( msgDecl, actorDecl, msgMap, declToInsert );
138    }
139
140    // returns list of decls to insert after current struct decl
141    // Over the entire pass the runtime of this routine is O(r) where r is the # of receive routines
142    list<FunctionDecl *> updateDecl( const StructDecl * decl, bool isMsg ) {
143        unordered_map<const StructDecl *, unordered_map<const StructDecl *, FwdDeclData *>> & map = isMsg ? msgMap : actorMap;
144        unordered_map<const StructDecl *, unordered_map<const StructDecl *, FwdDeclData *>> & otherMap =  isMsg ? actorMap : msgMap;
145        auto iter = map.find( decl );
146        list<FunctionDecl *> toInsertAfter; // this is populated with decls that are ready to insert
147        if ( iter == map.end() ) return toInsertAfter;
148       
149        // iterate over inner map
150        unordered_map<const StructDecl *, FwdDeclData *> & currInnerMap = iter->second;
151        for ( auto innerIter = currInnerMap.begin(); innerIter != currInnerMap.end(); ) {
152            FwdDeclData * currentDatum = innerIter->second;
153            bool readyToInsert = isMsg ? currentDatum->foundMsg() : currentDatum->foundActor();
154            if ( ! readyToInsert ) { ++innerIter; continue; }
155           
156            // readyToInsert is true so we are good to insert the forward decl of the message fn
157            toInsertAfter.push_back( currentDatum->fwdDecl );
158
159            // need to remove from other map before deleting
160            // find inner map in other map ( other map is actor map if original is msg map and vice versa )
161            const StructDecl * otherDecl = isMsg ? currentDatum->actorDecl : currentDatum->msgDecl;
162            auto otherMapIter = otherMap.find( otherDecl );
163
164            unordered_map<const StructDecl *, FwdDeclData *> & otherInnerMap = otherMapIter->second;
165
166            // find the FwdDeclData we need to remove in the other inner map
167            auto otherInnerIter = otherInnerMap.find( decl );
168
169            // remove references to deleted FwdDeclData from current inner map
170            innerIter = currInnerMap.erase( innerIter ); // this does the increment so no explicit inc needed
171
172            // remove references to deleted FwdDeclData from other inner map
173            otherInnerMap.erase( otherInnerIter );
174           
175            // if other inner map is now empty, remove key from other outer map
176            if ( otherInnerMap.empty() )
177                otherMap.erase( otherDecl );
178
179            // now we are safe to delete the FwdDeclData since we are done with it
180            // and we have removed all references to it from our data structures
181            delete currentDatum;
182        }
183
184        // if current inner map is now empty, remove key from outer map.
185        // Have to do this after iterating for safety
186        if ( currInnerMap.empty() )
187            map.erase( decl );
188
189        return toInsertAfter;
190    }
191};
192
193// generates the definitions of send operators for actors
194// collects data needed for next pass that does the circular defn resolution
195//     for message send operators (via table above)
196struct GenFuncsCreateTables : public ast::WithDeclsToAdd<> {
197    unordered_set<const StructDecl *> & actorStructDecls;
198    unordered_set<const StructDecl *>  & messageStructDecls;
199    const StructDecl ** requestDecl;
200    const EnumDecl ** allocationDecl;
201    const StructDecl ** actorDecl;
202    const StructDecl ** msgDecl;
203    FwdDeclTable & forwardDecls;
204
205    // generates the operator for actor message sends
206        void postvisit( const FunctionDecl * decl ) {
207        // return if not of the form receive( param1, param2 ) or if it is a forward decl
208        if ( decl->name != "receive" || decl->params.size() != 2 || !decl->stmts ) return;
209
210        // the params should be references
211        const ReferenceType * derivedActorRef = dynamic_cast<const ReferenceType *>(decl->params.at(0)->get_type());
212        const ReferenceType * derivedMsgRef = dynamic_cast<const ReferenceType *>(decl->params.at(1)->get_type());
213        if ( !derivedActorRef || !derivedMsgRef ) return;
214
215        // the references should be to struct instances
216        const StructInstType * arg1InstType = dynamic_cast<const StructInstType *>(derivedActorRef->base.get());
217        const StructInstType * arg2InstType = dynamic_cast<const StructInstType *>(derivedMsgRef->base.get());
218        if ( !arg1InstType || !arg2InstType ) return;
219
220        // If the struct instances are derived actor and message types then generate the message send routine
221        auto actorIter = actorStructDecls.find( arg1InstType->aggr() );
222        auto messageIter = messageStructDecls.find( arg2InstType->aggr() );
223        if ( actorIter != actorStructDecls.end() && messageIter != messageStructDecls.end() ) {
224            //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
225            // The following generates this wrapper for all receive(derived_actor &, derived_msg &) functions
226            /* base_actor and base_msg are output params
227            static inline allocation __CFA_receive_wrap( derived_actor & receiver, derived_msg & msg, actor ** base_actor, message ** base_msg ) {
228                base_actor = &receiver;
229                base_msg = &msg;
230                return receive( receiver, msg );
231            }
232            */
233            CompoundStmt * wrapBody = new CompoundStmt( decl->location );
234
235            // generates: base_actor = &receiver;
236            wrapBody->push_back( new ExprStmt( decl->location,
237                UntypedExpr::createAssign( decl->location, 
238                    UntypedExpr::createDeref( decl->location, new NameExpr( decl->location, "base_actor" ) ),
239                    new AddressExpr( decl->location, new NameExpr( decl->location, "receiver" ) )
240                )
241            ));
242
243            // generates: base_msg = &msg;
244            wrapBody->push_back( new ExprStmt( decl->location,
245                UntypedExpr::createAssign( decl->location, 
246                    UntypedExpr::createDeref( decl->location, new NameExpr( decl->location, "base_msg" ) ),
247                    new AddressExpr( decl->location, new NameExpr( decl->location, "msg" ) )
248                )
249            ));
250
251            // generates: return receive( receiver, msg );
252            wrapBody->push_back( new ReturnStmt( decl->location,
253                new UntypedExpr ( decl->location,
254                    new NameExpr( decl->location, "receive" ),
255                    {
256                        new NameExpr( decl->location, "receiver" ),
257                        new NameExpr( decl->location, "msg" )
258                    }
259                )
260            ));
261
262            // create receive wrapper to extract base message and actor pointer
263            // put it all together into the complete function decl from above
264            FunctionDecl * receiveWrapper = new FunctionDecl(
265                decl->location,
266                "__CFA_receive_wrap",
267                {
268                    new ObjectDecl(
269                        decl->location,
270                        "receiver",
271                        ast::deepCopy( derivedActorRef )
272                    ),
273                    new ObjectDecl(
274                        decl->location,
275                        "msg",
276                        ast::deepCopy( derivedMsgRef )
277                    ),
278                    new ObjectDecl(
279                        decl->location,
280                        "base_actor",
281                        new PointerType( new PointerType( new StructInstType( *actorDecl ) ) )
282                    ),
283                    new ObjectDecl(
284                        decl->location,
285                        "base_msg",
286                        new PointerType( new PointerType( new StructInstType( *msgDecl ) ) )
287                    )
288                },                      // params
289                {
290                    new ObjectDecl(
291                        decl->location,
292                        "__CFA_receive_wrap_ret",
293                        new EnumInstType( *allocationDecl )
294                    )
295                },
296                wrapBody,               // body
297                { Storage::Static },    // storage
298                Linkage::Cforall,       // linkage
299                {},                     // attributes
300                { Function::Inline }
301            );
302
303            declsToAddAfter.push_back( receiveWrapper );
304
305            //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
306            // The following generates this send message operator routine for all receive(derived_actor &, derived_msg &) functions
307            /*
308                static inline derived_actor & ?|?( derived_actor & receiver, derived_msg & msg ) {
309                    request new_req;
310                    allocation (*my_work_fn)( derived_actor &, derived_msg & ) = receive;
311                    __receive_fn fn = (__receive_fn)my_work_fn;
312                    new_req{ &receiver, &msg, fn };
313                    send( receiver, new_req );
314                    return receiver;
315                }
316            */ 
317            CompoundStmt * sendBody = new CompoundStmt( decl->location );
318
319            // Generates: request new_req;
320            sendBody->push_back( new DeclStmt(
321                decl->location,
322                new ObjectDecl(
323                    decl->location,
324                    "new_req",
325                    new StructInstType( *requestDecl )
326                )
327            ));
328           
329            // Function type is: allocation (*)( derived_actor &, derived_msg &, actor **, message ** )
330            FunctionType * derivedReceive = new FunctionType();
331            derivedReceive->params.push_back( ast::deepCopy( derivedActorRef ) );
332            derivedReceive->params.push_back( ast::deepCopy( derivedMsgRef ) );
333            derivedReceive->params.push_back( new PointerType( new PointerType( new StructInstType( *actorDecl ) ) ) );
334            derivedReceive->params.push_back( new PointerType( new PointerType( new StructInstType( *msgDecl ) ) ) );
335            derivedReceive->returns.push_back( new EnumInstType( *allocationDecl ) );
336
337            // Generates: allocation (*my_work_fn)( derived_actor &, derived_msg &, actor **, message ** ) = receive;
338            sendBody->push_back( new DeclStmt(
339                decl->location,
340                new ObjectDecl(
341                    decl->location,
342                    "my_work_fn",
343                    new PointerType( derivedReceive ),
344                    new SingleInit( decl->location, new NameExpr( decl->location, "__CFA_receive_wrap" ) )
345                )
346            ));
347
348            // Function type is: allocation (*)( actor &, message & )
349            FunctionType * genericReceive = new FunctionType();
350            genericReceive->params.push_back( new ReferenceType( new StructInstType( *actorDecl ) ) );
351            genericReceive->params.push_back( new ReferenceType( new StructInstType( *msgDecl ) ) );
352            genericReceive->params.push_back( new PointerType( new PointerType( new StructInstType( *actorDecl ) ) ) );
353            genericReceive->params.push_back( new PointerType( new PointerType( new StructInstType( *msgDecl ) ) ) );
354            genericReceive->returns.push_back( new EnumInstType( *allocationDecl ) );
355
356            // Generates: allocation (*fn)( actor &, message & ) = (allocation (*)( actor &, message & ))my_work_fn;
357            // More readable synonymous code:
358            //     typedef allocation (*__receive_fn)(actor &, message &);
359            //     __receive_fn fn = (__receive_fn)my_work_fn;
360            sendBody->push_back( new DeclStmt(
361                decl->location,
362                new ObjectDecl(
363                    decl->location,
364                    "fn",
365                    new PointerType( genericReceive ),
366                    new SingleInit( decl->location, 
367                        new CastExpr( decl->location, new NameExpr( decl->location, "my_work_fn" ), new PointerType( genericReceive ), ExplicitCast )
368                    )
369                )
370            ));
371
372            // Generates: new_req{ (actor *)&receiver, (message *)&msg, fn };
373            sendBody->push_back( new ExprStmt(
374                decl->location,
375                                new UntypedExpr (
376                    decl->location, 
377                                        new NameExpr( decl->location, "?{}" ),
378                                        {
379                                                new NameExpr( decl->location, "new_req" ),
380                        new CastExpr( decl->location, new AddressExpr( new NameExpr( decl->location, "receiver" ) ), new PointerType( new StructInstType( *actorDecl ) ), ExplicitCast ),
381                        new CastExpr( decl->location, new AddressExpr( new NameExpr( decl->location, "msg" ) ), new PointerType( new StructInstType( *msgDecl ) ), ExplicitCast ),
382                        new NameExpr( decl->location, "fn" )
383                                        }
384                                )
385                        ));
386
387            // Generates: send( receiver, new_req );
388            sendBody->push_back( new ExprStmt(
389                decl->location,
390                                new UntypedExpr (
391                    decl->location,
392                                        new NameExpr( decl->location, "send" ),
393                                        {
394                                                {
395                            new NameExpr( decl->location, "receiver" ),
396                            new NameExpr( decl->location, "new_req" )
397                        }
398                                        }
399                                )
400                        ));
401
402            // Generates: return receiver;
403            sendBody->push_back( new ReturnStmt( decl->location, new NameExpr( decl->location, "receiver" ) ) );
404
405            // put it all together into the complete function decl from above
406            FunctionDecl * sendOperatorFunction = new FunctionDecl(
407                decl->location,
408                "?|?",
409                {
410                    new ObjectDecl(
411                        decl->location,
412                        "receiver",
413                        ast::deepCopy( derivedActorRef )
414                    ),
415                    new ObjectDecl(
416                        decl->location,
417                        "msg",
418                        ast::deepCopy( derivedMsgRef )
419                    )
420                },                      // params
421                {
422                    new ObjectDecl(
423                        decl->location,
424                        "receiver_ret",
425                        ast::deepCopy( derivedActorRef )
426                    )
427                },
428                nullptr,               // body
429                { Storage::Static },    // storage
430                Linkage::Cforall,       // linkage
431                {},                     // attributes
432                { Function::Inline }
433            );
434
435            // forward decls to resolve use before decl problem for '|' routines
436            forwardDecls.insertDecl( *actorIter, *messageIter , ast::deepCopy( sendOperatorFunction ) );
437
438            sendOperatorFunction->stmts = sendBody;
439            declsToAddAfter.push_back( sendOperatorFunction );
440        }
441        }
442
443  public:
444    GenFuncsCreateTables( unordered_set<const StructDecl *> & actorStructDecls, unordered_set<const StructDecl *> & messageStructDecls,
445        const StructDecl ** requestDecl, const EnumDecl ** allocationDecl, const StructDecl ** actorDecl, const StructDecl ** msgDecl, 
446        FwdDeclTable & forwardDecls ) : actorStructDecls(actorStructDecls), messageStructDecls(messageStructDecls), 
447        requestDecl(requestDecl), allocationDecl(allocationDecl), actorDecl(actorDecl), msgDecl(msgDecl), forwardDecls(forwardDecls) {}
448};
449
450
451// separate pass is needed since this pass resolves circular defn issues
452// generates the forward declarations of the send operator for actor routines
453struct FwdDeclOperator : public ast::WithDeclsToAdd<> {
454    unordered_set<const StructDecl *> & actorStructDecls;
455    unordered_set<const StructDecl *>  & messageStructDecls;
456    FwdDeclTable & forwardDecls;
457
458    // handles forward declaring the message operator
459    void postvisit( const StructDecl * decl ) {
460        list<FunctionDecl *> toAddAfter;
461        auto actorIter = actorStructDecls.find( decl );
462        if ( actorIter != actorStructDecls.end() ) { // this is a derived actor decl
463            // get list of fwd decls that we can now insert
464            toAddAfter = forwardDecls.updateDecl( decl, false );
465
466            // get rid of decl from actorStructDecls since we no longer need it
467            actorStructDecls.erase( actorIter );
468        } else {
469            auto messageIter = messageStructDecls.find( decl );
470            if ( messageIter == messageStructDecls.end() ) return;
471
472            toAddAfter = forwardDecls.updateDecl( decl, true );
473
474            // get rid of decl from messageStructDecls since we no longer need it
475            messageStructDecls.erase( messageIter );
476        }
477
478        // add the fwd decls to declsToAddAfter
479        for ( FunctionDecl * func : toAddAfter ) {
480            declsToAddAfter.push_back( func );
481        }
482    }
483
484  public:
485    FwdDeclOperator( unordered_set<const StructDecl *> & actorStructDecls, unordered_set<const StructDecl *> & messageStructDecls, 
486        FwdDeclTable & forwardDecls ) : actorStructDecls(actorStructDecls), messageStructDecls(messageStructDecls), forwardDecls(forwardDecls) {}
487};
488
489void implementActors( TranslationUnit & translationUnit ) {
490    // unordered_maps to collect all derived actor and message types
491    unordered_set<const StructDecl *> actorStructDecls;
492    unordered_set<const StructDecl *> messageStructDecls;
493    FwdDeclTable forwardDecls;
494
495    // for storing through the passes
496    // these are populated with various important struct decls
497    const StructDecl * requestDeclPtr = nullptr;
498    const EnumDecl * allocationDeclPtr = nullptr;
499    const StructDecl * actorDeclPtr = nullptr;
500    const StructDecl * msgDeclPtr = nullptr;
501
502    // double pointer to modify local ptrs above
503    const StructDecl ** requestDecl = &requestDeclPtr;
504    const EnumDecl ** allocationDecl = &allocationDeclPtr;
505    const StructDecl ** actorDecl = &actorDeclPtr;
506    const StructDecl ** msgDecl = &msgDeclPtr;
507
508    // first pass collects ptrs to allocation enum, request type, and generic receive fn typedef
509    // also populates maps of all derived actors and messages
510    Pass<CollectactorStructDecls>::run( translationUnit, actorStructDecls, messageStructDecls, requestDecl, 
511        allocationDecl, actorDecl, msgDecl );
512
513    // check that we have found all the decls we need from <actor.hfa>, if not no need to run the rest of this pass
514    if ( !allocationDeclPtr || !requestDeclPtr || !actorDeclPtr || !msgDeclPtr ) 
515        return;
516
517    // second pass locates all receive() routines that overload the generic receive fn
518    // it then generates the appropriate operator '|' send routines for the receive routines
519    Pass<GenFuncsCreateTables>::run( translationUnit, actorStructDecls, messageStructDecls, requestDecl, 
520        allocationDecl, actorDecl, msgDecl, forwardDecls );
521
522    // The third pass forward declares operator '|' send routines
523    Pass<FwdDeclOperator>::run( translationUnit, actorStructDecls, messageStructDecls, forwardDecls );
524}
525
526
527} // namespace Concurrency
528
529// Local Variables: //
530// tab-width: 4 //
531// mode: c++ //
532// compile-command: "make install" //
533// End: //
534
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