source: libcfa/src/concurrency/kernel.cfa @ 29cb302

arm-ehenumforall-pointer-decayjacob/cs343-translationnew-astnew-ast-unique-exprpthread-emulationqualifiedEnum
Last change on this file since 29cb302 was 29cb302, checked in by Thierry Delisle <tdelisle@…>, 3 years ago

cfa stats now count number of migrations

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1//
2// Cforall Version 1.0.0 Copyright (C) 2016 University of Waterloo
3//
4// The contents of this file are covered under the licence agreement in the
5// file "LICENCE" distributed with Cforall.
6//
7// kernel.c --
8//
9// Author           : Thierry Delisle
10// Created On       : Tue Jan 17 12:27:26 2017
11// Last Modified By : Peter A. Buhr
12// Last Modified On : Tue May 26 22:05:19 2020
13// Update Count     : 59
14//
15
16#define __cforall_thread__
17// #define __CFA_DEBUG_PRINT_RUNTIME_CORE__
18
19//C Includes
20#include <stddef.h>
21#include <errno.h>
22#include <string.h>
23#include <stdio.h>
24#include <fenv.h>
25#include <signal.h>
26#include <unistd.h>
27#include <limits.h>                                                                             // PTHREAD_STACK_MIN
28#include <sys/mman.h>                                                                   // mprotect
29extern "C" {
30#include <sys/resource.h>
31}
32
33//CFA Includes
34#include "time.hfa"
35#include "kernel_private.hfa"
36#include "preemption.hfa"
37#include "startup.hfa"
38
39//Private includes
40#define __CFA_INVOKE_PRIVATE__
41#include "invoke.h"
42
43
44//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
45// Some assembly required
46#if defined( __i386 )
47        #define CtxGet( ctx )        \
48                __asm__ volatile (     \
49                        "movl %%esp,%0\n"\
50                        "movl %%ebp,%1\n"\
51                        : "=rm" (ctx.SP),\
52                                "=rm" (ctx.FP) \
53                )
54
55        // mxcr : SSE Status and Control bits (control bits are preserved across function calls)
56        // fcw  : X87 FPU control word (preserved across function calls)
57        #define __x87_store         \
58                uint32_t __mxcr;      \
59                uint16_t __fcw;       \
60                __asm__ volatile (    \
61                        "stmxcsr %0\n"  \
62                        "fnstcw  %1\n"  \
63                        : "=m" (__mxcr),\
64                                "=m" (__fcw)  \
65                )
66
67        #define __x87_load         \
68                __asm__ volatile (   \
69                        "fldcw  %1\n"  \
70                        "ldmxcsr %0\n" \
71                        ::"m" (__mxcr),\
72                                "m" (__fcw)  \
73                )
74
75#elif defined( __x86_64 )
76        #define CtxGet( ctx )        \
77                __asm__ volatile (     \
78                        "movq %%rsp,%0\n"\
79                        "movq %%rbp,%1\n"\
80                        : "=rm" (ctx.SP),\
81                                "=rm" (ctx.FP) \
82                )
83
84        #define __x87_store         \
85                uint32_t __mxcr;      \
86                uint16_t __fcw;       \
87                __asm__ volatile (    \
88                        "stmxcsr %0\n"  \
89                        "fnstcw  %1\n"  \
90                        : "=m" (__mxcr),\
91                                "=m" (__fcw)  \
92                )
93
94        #define __x87_load          \
95                __asm__ volatile (    \
96                        "fldcw  %1\n"   \
97                        "ldmxcsr %0\n"  \
98                        :: "m" (__mxcr),\
99                                "m" (__fcw)  \
100                )
101
102
103#elif defined( __ARM_ARCH )
104#define CtxGet( ctx ) __asm__ ( \
105                "mov %0,%%sp\n"   \
106                "mov %1,%%r11\n"   \
107        : "=rm" (ctx.SP), "=rm" (ctx.FP) )
108#else
109        #error unknown hardware architecture
110#endif
111
112//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
113//Start and stop routine for the kernel, declared first to make sure they run first
114static void __kernel_startup (void) __attribute__(( constructor( STARTUP_PRIORITY_KERNEL ) ));
115static void __kernel_shutdown(void) __attribute__(( destructor ( STARTUP_PRIORITY_KERNEL ) ));
116
117//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
118// Kernel Scheduling logic
119static $thread * __next_thread(cluster * this);
120static bool __has_next_thread(cluster * this);
121static void __run_thread(processor * this, $thread * dst);
122static bool __wake_proc(processor *);
123static bool __wake_one(struct __processor_id_t * id, cluster * cltr);
124static void __halt(processor * this);
125
126//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
127// Kernel storage
128KERNEL_STORAGE(cluster,              mainCluster);
129KERNEL_STORAGE(processor,            mainProcessor);
130KERNEL_STORAGE($thread,              mainThread);
131KERNEL_STORAGE(__stack_t,            mainThreadCtx);
132KERNEL_STORAGE(__scheduler_RWLock_t, __scheduler_lock);
133#if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
134KERNEL_STORAGE(__stats_t, mainProcStats);
135#endif
136
137cluster              * mainCluster;
138processor            * mainProcessor;
139$thread              * mainThread;
140__scheduler_RWLock_t * __scheduler_lock;
141
142extern "C" {
143        struct { __dllist_t(cluster) list; __spinlock_t lock; } __cfa_dbg_global_clusters;
144}
145
146size_t __page_size = 0;
147
148//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
149// Global state
150thread_local struct KernelThreadData kernelTLS __attribute__ ((tls_model ( "initial-exec" ))) = {
151        NULL,                                                                                           // cannot use 0p
152        NULL,
153        NULL,
154        { 1, false, false },
155        6u //this should be seeded better but due to a bug calling rdtsc doesn't work
156};
157
158//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
159// Struct to steal stack
160struct current_stack_info_t {
161        __stack_t * storage;                                                            // pointer to stack object
162        void * base;                                                                            // base of stack
163        void * limit;                                                                           // stack grows towards stack limit
164        void * context;                                                                         // address of cfa_context_t
165};
166
167void ?{}( current_stack_info_t & this ) {
168        __stack_context_t ctx;
169        CtxGet( ctx );
170        this.base = ctx.FP;
171
172        rlimit r;
173        getrlimit( RLIMIT_STACK, &r);
174        size_t size = r.rlim_cur;
175
176        this.limit = (void *)(((intptr_t)this.base) - size);
177        this.context = &storage_mainThreadCtx;
178}
179
180//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
181// Main thread construction
182
183void ?{}( $coroutine & this, current_stack_info_t * info) with( this ) {
184        stack.storage = info->storage;
185        with(*stack.storage) {
186                limit     = info->limit;
187                base      = info->base;
188        }
189        __attribute__((may_alias)) intptr_t * istorage = (intptr_t*) &stack.storage;
190        *istorage |= 0x1;
191        name = "Main Thread";
192        state = Start;
193        starter = 0p;
194        last = 0p;
195        cancellation = 0p;
196}
197
198void ?{}( $thread & this, current_stack_info_t * info) with( this ) {
199        ticket = 1;
200        state = Start;
201        self_cor{ info };
202        curr_cor = &self_cor;
203        curr_cluster = mainCluster;
204        self_mon.owner = &this;
205        self_mon.recursion = 1;
206        self_mon_p = &self_mon;
207        link.next = 0p;
208        link.prev = 0p;
209
210        node.next = 0p;
211        node.prev = 0p;
212        doregister(curr_cluster, this);
213
214        monitors{ &self_mon_p, 1, (fptr_t)0 };
215}
216
217//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
218// Processor coroutine
219void ?{}(processorCtx_t & this) {
220
221}
222
223// Construct the processor context of non-main processors
224static void ?{}(processorCtx_t & this, processor * proc, current_stack_info_t * info) {
225        (this.__cor){ info };
226        this.proc = proc;
227}
228
229static void * __invoke_processor(void * arg);
230
231void ?{}(processor & this, const char name[], cluster & _cltr) with( this ) {
232        this.name = name;
233        this.cltr = &_cltr;
234        id = -1u;
235        terminated{ 0 };
236        destroyer = 0p;
237        do_terminate = false;
238        preemption_alarm = 0p;
239        pending_preemption = false;
240        runner.proc = &this;
241
242        idle{};
243
244        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : Starting core %p\n", &this);
245
246        this.stack = __create_pthread( &this.kernel_thread, __invoke_processor, (void *)&this );
247        __atomic_fetch_add( &cltr->nprocessors, 1u, __ATOMIC_SEQ_CST );
248
249        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : core %p created\n", &this);
250}
251
252void ^?{}(processor & this) with( this ){
253        if( ! __atomic_load_n(&do_terminate, __ATOMIC_ACQUIRE) ) {
254                __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : core %p signaling termination\n", &this);
255
256                __atomic_store_n(&do_terminate, true, __ATOMIC_RELAXED);
257                __wake_proc( &this );
258
259                P( terminated );
260                verify( kernelTLS.this_processor != &this);
261        }
262
263        int err = pthread_join( kernel_thread, 0p );
264        if( err != 0 ) abort("KERNEL ERROR: joining processor %p caused error %s\n", &this, strerror(err));
265
266        free( this.stack );
267
268        __atomic_fetch_sub( &cltr->nprocessors, 1u, __ATOMIC_SEQ_CST );
269}
270
271void ?{}(cluster & this, const char name[], Duration preemption_rate, unsigned io_flags) with( this ) {
272        this.name = name;
273        this.preemption_rate = preemption_rate;
274        this.nprocessors = 0;
275        ready_queue{};
276
277        #if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
278                print_stats = false;
279                stats = alloc();
280                __init_stats( stats );
281        #endif
282
283        threads{ __get };
284
285        __kernel_io_startup( this, io_flags, &this == mainCluster );
286
287        doregister(this);
288}
289
290void ^?{}(cluster & this) {
291        __kernel_io_shutdown( this, &this == mainCluster );
292
293        #if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
294                if(this.print_stats) {
295                        __print_stats( this.stats );
296                }
297                free( this.stats );
298        #endif
299
300        unregister(this);
301}
302
303//=============================================================================================
304// Kernel Scheduling logic
305//=============================================================================================
306//Main of the processor contexts
307void main(processorCtx_t & runner) {
308        // Because of a bug, we couldn't initialized the seed on construction
309        // Do it here
310        kernelTLS.rand_seed ^= rdtscl();
311
312        processor * this = runner.proc;
313        verify(this);
314
315        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : core %p starting\n", this);
316
317        // register the processor unless it's the main thread which is handled in the boot sequence
318        if(this != mainProcessor) {
319                this->id = doregister((__processor_id_t*)this);
320                // Lock the RWlock so no-one pushes/pops while we are changing the queue
321                uint_fast32_t last_size = ready_mutate_lock();
322
323                        // Adjust the ready queue size
324                        ready_queue_grow( this->cltr );
325
326                // Unlock the RWlock
327                ready_mutate_unlock( last_size );
328        }
329
330        {
331                // Setup preemption data
332                preemption_scope scope = { this };
333
334                __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : core %p started\n", this);
335
336                $thread * readyThread = 0p;
337                for( unsigned int spin_count = 0; ! __atomic_load_n(&this->do_terminate, __ATOMIC_SEQ_CST); spin_count++ ) {
338                        // Try to get the next thread
339                        readyThread = __next_thread( this->cltr );
340
341                        // Check if we actually found a thread
342                        if( readyThread ) {
343                                /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
344                                /* paranoid */ verifyf( readyThread->state == Ready || readyThread->preempted != __NO_PREEMPTION, "state : %d, preempted %d\n", readyThread->state, readyThread->preempted);
345                                /* paranoid */ verifyf( readyThread->link.next == 0p, "Expected null got %p", readyThread->link.next );
346                                __builtin_prefetch( readyThread->context.SP );
347
348                                // We found a thread run it
349                                __run_thread(this, readyThread);
350
351                                /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
352                        }
353                        else {
354                                // Block until a thread is ready
355                                __halt(this);
356                        }
357                }
358
359                __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : core %p stopping\n", this);
360        }
361
362        V( this->terminated );
363
364        // unregister the processor unless it's the main thread which is handled in the boot sequence
365        if(this != mainProcessor) {
366                // Lock the RWlock so no-one pushes/pops while we are changing the queue
367                uint_fast32_t last_size = ready_mutate_lock();
368
369                        // Adjust the ready queue size
370                        ready_queue_shrink( this->cltr );
371
372                        // Make sure we aren't on the idle queue
373                        #if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
374                                bool removed =
375                        #endif
376                        unsafe_remove( this->cltr->idles, this );
377
378                        #if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
379                                if(removed) __tls_stats()->ready.sleep.exits++;
380                        #endif
381
382                // Unlock the RWlock
383                ready_mutate_unlock( last_size );
384
385                // Finally we don't need the read_lock any more
386                unregister((__processor_id_t*)this);
387        }
388        else {
389                // HACK : the coroutine context switch expects this_thread to be set
390                // and it make sense for it to be set in all other cases except here
391                // fake it
392                kernelTLS.this_thread = mainThread;
393        }
394
395        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : core %p terminated\n", this);
396}
397
398static int * __volatile_errno() __attribute__((noinline));
399static int * __volatile_errno() { asm(""); return &errno; }
400
401// KERNEL ONLY
402// runThread runs a thread by context switching
403// from the processor coroutine to the target thread
404static void __run_thread(processor * this, $thread * thrd_dst) {
405        $coroutine * proc_cor = get_coroutine(this->runner);
406
407        // Update global state
408        kernelTLS.this_thread = thrd_dst;
409
410        // set state of processor coroutine to inactive
411        verify(proc_cor->state == Active);
412        proc_cor->state = Blocked;
413
414        // Actually run the thread
415        RUNNING:  while(true) {
416                thrd_dst->preempted = __NO_PREEMPTION;
417                thrd_dst->state = Active;
418
419                __cfaabi_dbg_debug_do(
420                        thrd_dst->park_stale   = true;
421                        thrd_dst->unpark_stale = true;
422                )
423
424                /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
425                /* paranoid */ verify( kernelTLS.this_thread == thrd_dst );
426                /* paranoid */ verifyf( ((uintptr_t)thrd_dst->context.SP) < ((uintptr_t)__get_stack(thrd_dst->curr_cor)->base ) || thrd_dst->curr_cor == proc_cor, "ERROR : Destination $thread %p has been corrupted.\n StackPointer too small.\n", thrd_dst ); // add escape condition if we are setting up the processor
427                /* paranoid */ verifyf( ((uintptr_t)thrd_dst->context.SP) > ((uintptr_t)__get_stack(thrd_dst->curr_cor)->limit) || thrd_dst->curr_cor == proc_cor, "ERROR : Destination $thread %p has been corrupted.\n StackPointer too large.\n", thrd_dst ); // add escape condition if we are setting up the processor
428
429                // set context switch to the thread that the processor is executing
430                verify( thrd_dst->context.SP );
431                __cfactx_switch( &proc_cor->context, &thrd_dst->context );
432                // when __cfactx_switch returns we are back in the processor coroutine
433
434                /* paranoid */ verifyf( ((uintptr_t)thrd_dst->context.SP) > ((uintptr_t)__get_stack(thrd_dst->curr_cor)->limit), "ERROR : Destination $thread %p has been corrupted.\n StackPointer too large.\n", thrd_dst );
435                /* paranoid */ verifyf( ((uintptr_t)thrd_dst->context.SP) < ((uintptr_t)__get_stack(thrd_dst->curr_cor)->base ), "ERROR : Destination $thread %p has been corrupted.\n StackPointer too small.\n", thrd_dst );
436                /* paranoid */ verify( kernelTLS.this_thread == thrd_dst );
437                /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
438
439
440                // We just finished running a thread, there are a few things that could have happened.
441                // 1 - Regular case : the thread has blocked and now one has scheduled it yet.
442                // 2 - Racy case    : the thread has blocked but someone has already tried to schedule it.
443                // 4 - Preempted
444                // In case 1, we may have won a race so we can't write to the state again.
445                // In case 2, we lost the race so we now own the thread.
446
447                if(unlikely(thrd_dst->preempted != __NO_PREEMPTION)) {
448                        // The thread was preempted, reschedule it and reset the flag
449                        __schedule_thread( (__processor_id_t*)this, thrd_dst );
450                        break RUNNING;
451                }
452
453                if(unlikely(thrd_dst->state == Halted)) {
454                        // The thread has halted, it should never be scheduled/run again
455                        // We may need to wake someone up here since
456                        unpark( this->destroyer __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2 );
457                        this->destroyer = 0p;
458                        break RUNNING;
459                }
460
461                /* paranoid */ verify( thrd_dst->state == Active );
462                thrd_dst->state = Blocked;
463
464                // set state of processor coroutine to active and the thread to inactive
465                int old_ticket = __atomic_fetch_sub(&thrd_dst->ticket, 1, __ATOMIC_SEQ_CST);
466                __cfaabi_dbg_debug_do( thrd_dst->park_result = old_ticket; )
467                switch(old_ticket) {
468                        case 1:
469                                // This is case 1, the regular case, nothing more is needed
470                                break RUNNING;
471                        case 2:
472                                // This is case 2, the racy case, someone tried to run this thread before it finished blocking
473                                // In this case, just run it again.
474                                continue RUNNING;
475                        default:
476                                // This makes no sense, something is wrong abort
477                                abort();
478                }
479        }
480
481        // Just before returning to the processor, set the processor coroutine to active
482        proc_cor->state = Active;
483        kernelTLS.this_thread = 0p;
484}
485
486// KERNEL_ONLY
487void returnToKernel() {
488        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
489        $coroutine * proc_cor = get_coroutine(kernelTLS.this_processor->runner);
490        $thread * thrd_src = kernelTLS.this_thread;
491
492        #if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
493                struct processor * last_proc = kernelTLS.this_processor;
494        #endif
495
496        // Run the thread on this processor
497        {
498                int local_errno = *__volatile_errno();
499                #if defined( __i386 ) || defined( __x86_64 )
500                        __x87_store;
501                #endif
502                verify( proc_cor->context.SP );
503                __cfactx_switch( &thrd_src->context, &proc_cor->context );
504                #if defined( __i386 ) || defined( __x86_64 )
505                        __x87_load;
506                #endif
507                *__volatile_errno() = local_errno;
508        }
509
510        #if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
511                if(last_proc != kernelTLS.this_processor) {
512                        __tls_stats()->ready.threads.migration++;
513                }
514        #endif
515
516        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
517        /* paranoid */ verifyf( ((uintptr_t)thrd_src->context.SP) < ((uintptr_t)__get_stack(thrd_src->curr_cor)->base ), "ERROR : Returning $thread %p has been corrupted.\n StackPointer too small.\n", thrd_src );
518        /* paranoid */ verifyf( ((uintptr_t)thrd_src->context.SP) > ((uintptr_t)__get_stack(thrd_src->curr_cor)->limit), "ERROR : Returning $thread %p has been corrupted.\n StackPointer too large.\n", thrd_src );
519}
520
521// KERNEL_ONLY
522// Context invoker for processors
523// This is the entry point for processors (kernel threads)
524// It effectively constructs a coroutine by stealing the pthread stack
525static void * __invoke_processor(void * arg) {
526        #if !defined( __CFA_NO_STATISTICS__ )
527                __stats_t local_stats;
528                __init_stats( &local_stats );
529                kernelTLS.this_stats = &local_stats;
530        #endif
531
532        processor * proc = (processor *) arg;
533        kernelTLS.this_processor = proc;
534        kernelTLS.this_thread    = 0p;
535        kernelTLS.preemption_state.[enabled, disable_count] = [false, 1];
536        // SKULLDUGGERY: We want to create a context for the processor coroutine
537        // which is needed for the 2-step context switch. However, there is no reason
538        // to waste the perfectly valid stack create by pthread.
539        current_stack_info_t info;
540        __stack_t ctx;
541        info.storage = &ctx;
542        (proc->runner){ proc, &info };
543
544        __cfaabi_dbg_print_safe("Coroutine : created stack %p\n", get_coroutine(proc->runner)->stack.storage);
545
546        //Set global state
547        kernelTLS.this_thread = 0p;
548
549        //We now have a proper context from which to schedule threads
550        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : core %p created (%p, %p)\n", proc, &proc->runner, &ctx);
551
552        // SKULLDUGGERY: Since the coroutine doesn't have its own stack, we can't
553        // resume it to start it like it normally would, it will just context switch
554        // back to here. Instead directly call the main since we already are on the
555        // appropriate stack.
556        get_coroutine(proc->runner)->state = Active;
557        main( proc->runner );
558        get_coroutine(proc->runner)->state = Halted;
559
560        // Main routine of the core returned, the core is now fully terminated
561        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : core %p main ended (%p)\n", proc, &proc->runner);
562
563        #if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
564                __tally_stats(proc->cltr->stats, &local_stats);
565        #endif
566
567        return 0p;
568}
569
570static void Abort( int ret, const char func[] ) {
571        if ( ret ) {                                                                            // pthread routines return errno values
572                abort( "%s : internal error, error(%d) %s.", func, ret, strerror( ret ) );
573        } // if
574} // Abort
575
576void * __create_pthread( pthread_t * pthread, void * (*start)(void *), void * arg ) {
577        pthread_attr_t attr;
578
579        Abort( pthread_attr_init( &attr ), "pthread_attr_init" ); // initialize attribute
580
581        size_t stacksize;
582        // default stack size, normally defined by shell limit
583        Abort( pthread_attr_getstacksize( &attr, &stacksize ), "pthread_attr_getstacksize" );
584        assert( stacksize >= PTHREAD_STACK_MIN );
585
586        void * stack;
587        __cfaabi_dbg_debug_do(
588                stack = memalign( __page_size, stacksize + __page_size );
589                // pthread has no mechanism to create the guard page in user supplied stack.
590                if ( mprotect( stack, __page_size, PROT_NONE ) == -1 ) {
591                        abort( "mprotect : internal error, mprotect failure, error(%d) %s.", errno, strerror( errno ) );
592                } // if
593        );
594        __cfaabi_dbg_no_debug_do(
595                stack = malloc( stacksize );
596        );
597
598        Abort( pthread_attr_setstack( &attr, stack, stacksize ), "pthread_attr_setstack" );
599
600        Abort( pthread_create( pthread, &attr, start, arg ), "pthread_create" );
601        return stack;
602}
603
604// KERNEL_ONLY
605static void __kernel_first_resume( processor * this ) {
606        $thread * src = mainThread;
607        $coroutine * dst = get_coroutine(this->runner);
608
609        verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
610
611        kernelTLS.this_thread->curr_cor = dst;
612        __stack_prepare( &dst->stack, 65000 );
613        __cfactx_start(main, dst, this->runner, __cfactx_invoke_coroutine);
614
615        verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
616
617        dst->last = &src->self_cor;
618        dst->starter = dst->starter ? dst->starter : &src->self_cor;
619
620        // make sure the current state is still correct
621        /* paranoid */ verify(src->state == Ready);
622
623        // context switch to specified coroutine
624        verify( dst->context.SP );
625        __cfactx_switch( &src->context, &dst->context );
626        // when __cfactx_switch returns we are back in the src coroutine
627
628        mainThread->curr_cor = &mainThread->self_cor;
629
630        // make sure the current state has been update
631        /* paranoid */ verify(src->state == Active);
632
633        verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
634}
635
636// KERNEL_ONLY
637static void __kernel_last_resume( processor * this ) {
638        $coroutine * src = &mainThread->self_cor;
639        $coroutine * dst = get_coroutine(this->runner);
640
641        verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
642        verify( dst->starter == src );
643        verify( dst->context.SP );
644
645        // SKULLDUGGERY in debug the processors check that the
646        // stack is still within the limit of the stack limits after running a thread.
647        // that check doesn't make sense if we context switch to the processor using the
648        // coroutine semantics. Since this is a special case, use the current context
649        // info to populate these fields.
650        __cfaabi_dbg_debug_do(
651                __stack_context_t ctx;
652                CtxGet( ctx );
653                mainThread->context.SP = ctx.SP;
654                mainThread->context.FP = ctx.FP;
655        )
656
657        // context switch to the processor
658        __cfactx_switch( &src->context, &dst->context );
659}
660
661//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
662// Scheduler routines
663// KERNEL ONLY
664void __schedule_thread( struct __processor_id_t * id, $thread * thrd ) {
665        /* paranoid */ verify( thrd );
666        /* paranoid */ verify( thrd->state != Halted );
667        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
668        /* paranoid */ #if defined( __CFA_WITH_VERIFY__ )
669        /* paranoid */  if( thrd->state == Blocked || thrd->state == Start ) assertf( thrd->preempted == __NO_PREEMPTION,
670                                        "Error inactive thread marked as preempted, state %d, preemption %d\n", thrd->state, thrd->preempted );
671        /* paranoid */  if( thrd->preempted != __NO_PREEMPTION ) assertf(thrd->state == Active,
672                                        "Error preempted thread marked as not currently running, state %d, preemption %d\n", thrd->state, thrd->preempted );
673        /* paranoid */ #endif
674        /* paranoid */ verifyf( thrd->link.next == 0p, "Expected null got %p", thrd->link.next );
675
676        if (thrd->preempted == __NO_PREEMPTION) thrd->state = Ready;
677
678        ready_schedule_lock  ( id );
679                push( thrd->curr_cluster, thrd );
680
681                #if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
682                        bool woke =
683                #endif
684                        __wake_one(id, thrd->curr_cluster);
685
686                #if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
687                        if(woke) __tls_stats()->ready.sleep.wakes++;
688                #endif
689        ready_schedule_unlock( id );
690
691        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
692}
693
694// KERNEL ONLY
695static $thread * __next_thread(cluster * this) with( *this ) {
696        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
697
698        ready_schedule_lock  ( (__processor_id_t*)kernelTLS.this_processor );
699                $thread * head = pop( this );
700        ready_schedule_unlock( (__processor_id_t*)kernelTLS.this_processor );
701
702        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
703        return head;
704}
705
706// KERNEL ONLY
707static bool __has_next_thread(cluster * this) with( *this ) {
708        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
709
710        ready_schedule_lock  ( (__processor_id_t*)kernelTLS.this_processor );
711                bool not_empty = query( this );
712        ready_schedule_unlock( (__processor_id_t*)kernelTLS.this_processor );
713
714        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
715        return not_empty;
716}
717
718// KERNEL ONLY unpark with out disabling interrupts
719void __unpark(  struct __processor_id_t * id, $thread * thrd __cfaabi_dbg_ctx_param2 ) {
720        // record activity
721        __cfaabi_dbg_debug_do( char * old_caller = thrd->unpark_caller; )
722        __cfaabi_dbg_record_thrd( *thrd, false, caller );
723
724        int old_ticket = __atomic_fetch_add(&thrd->ticket, 1, __ATOMIC_SEQ_CST);
725        __cfaabi_dbg_debug_do( thrd->unpark_result = old_ticket; thrd->unpark_state = thrd->state; )
726        switch(old_ticket) {
727                case 1:
728                        // Wake won the race, the thread will reschedule/rerun itself
729                        break;
730                case 0:
731                        /* paranoid */ verify( ! thrd->preempted != __NO_PREEMPTION );
732                        /* paranoid */ verify( thrd->state == Blocked );
733
734                        // Wake lost the race,
735                        __schedule_thread( id, thrd );
736                        break;
737                default:
738                        // This makes no sense, something is wrong abort
739                        abort();
740        }
741}
742
743void unpark( $thread * thrd __cfaabi_dbg_ctx_param2 ) {
744        if( !thrd ) return;
745
746        disable_interrupts();
747        __unpark( (__processor_id_t*)kernelTLS.this_processor, thrd __cfaabi_dbg_ctx_fwd2 );
748        enable_interrupts( __cfaabi_dbg_ctx );
749}
750
751void park( __cfaabi_dbg_ctx_param ) {
752        /* paranoid */ verify( kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
753        disable_interrupts();
754        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
755        /* paranoid */ verify( kernelTLS.this_thread->preempted == __NO_PREEMPTION );
756
757        // record activity
758        __cfaabi_dbg_record_thrd( *kernelTLS.this_thread, true, caller );
759
760        returnToKernel();
761
762        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
763        enable_interrupts( __cfaabi_dbg_ctx );
764        /* paranoid */ verify( kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
765
766}
767
768// KERNEL ONLY
769void __leave_thread() {
770        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
771        returnToKernel();
772        abort();
773}
774
775// KERNEL ONLY
776bool force_yield( __Preemption_Reason reason ) {
777        /* paranoid */ verify( kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
778        disable_interrupts();
779        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
780
781        $thread * thrd = kernelTLS.this_thread;
782        /* paranoid */ verify(thrd->state == Active);
783
784        // SKULLDUGGERY: It is possible that we are preempting this thread just before
785        // it was going to park itself. If that is the case and it is already using the
786        // intrusive fields then we can't use them to preempt the thread
787        // If that is the case, abandon the preemption.
788        bool preempted = false;
789        if(thrd->link.next == 0p) {
790                preempted = true;
791                thrd->preempted = reason;
792                returnToKernel();
793        }
794
795        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
796        enable_interrupts_noPoll();
797        /* paranoid */ verify( kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
798
799        return preempted;
800}
801
802//=============================================================================================
803// Kernel Setup logic
804//=============================================================================================
805//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
806// Kernel boot procedures
807static void __kernel_startup(void) {
808        verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
809        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : Starting\n");
810
811        __page_size = sysconf( _SC_PAGESIZE );
812
813        __cfa_dbg_global_clusters.list{ __get };
814        __cfa_dbg_global_clusters.lock{};
815
816        // Initialize the global scheduler lock
817        __scheduler_lock = (__scheduler_RWLock_t*)&storage___scheduler_lock;
818        (*__scheduler_lock){};
819
820        // Initialize the main cluster
821        mainCluster = (cluster *)&storage_mainCluster;
822        (*mainCluster){"Main Cluster"};
823
824        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : Main cluster ready\n");
825
826        // Start by initializing the main thread
827        // SKULLDUGGERY: the mainThread steals the process main thread
828        // which will then be scheduled by the mainProcessor normally
829        mainThread = ($thread *)&storage_mainThread;
830        current_stack_info_t info;
831        info.storage = (__stack_t*)&storage_mainThreadCtx;
832        (*mainThread){ &info };
833
834        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : Main thread ready\n");
835
836
837
838        // Construct the processor context of the main processor
839        void ?{}(processorCtx_t & this, processor * proc) {
840                (this.__cor){ "Processor" };
841                this.__cor.starter = 0p;
842                this.proc = proc;
843        }
844
845        void ?{}(processor & this) with( this ) {
846                name = "Main Processor";
847                cltr = mainCluster;
848                terminated{ 0 };
849                do_terminate = false;
850                preemption_alarm = 0p;
851                pending_preemption = false;
852                kernel_thread = pthread_self();
853                id = -1u;
854
855                runner{ &this };
856                __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : constructed main processor context %p\n", &runner);
857
858                __atomic_fetch_add( &cltr->nprocessors, 1u, __ATOMIC_SEQ_CST );
859        }
860
861        // Initialize the main processor and the main processor ctx
862        // (the coroutine that contains the processing control flow)
863        mainProcessor = (processor *)&storage_mainProcessor;
864        (*mainProcessor){};
865
866        mainProcessor->id = doregister( (__processor_id_t*)mainProcessor);
867
868        //initialize the global state variables
869        kernelTLS.this_processor = mainProcessor;
870        kernelTLS.this_thread    = mainThread;
871
872        #if !defined( __CFA_NO_STATISTICS__ )
873                kernelTLS.this_stats = (__stats_t *)& storage_mainProcStats;
874                __init_stats( kernelTLS.this_stats );
875        #endif
876
877        // Enable preemption
878        kernel_start_preemption();
879
880        // Add the main thread to the ready queue
881        // once resume is called on mainProcessor->runner the mainThread needs to be scheduled like any normal thread
882        __schedule_thread((__processor_id_t *)mainProcessor, mainThread);
883
884        // SKULLDUGGERY: Force a context switch to the main processor to set the main thread's context to the current UNIX
885        // context. Hence, the main thread does not begin through __cfactx_invoke_thread, like all other threads. The trick here is that
886        // mainThread is on the ready queue when this call is made.
887        __kernel_first_resume( kernelTLS.this_processor );
888
889
890        // THE SYSTEM IS NOW COMPLETELY RUNNING
891
892
893        // Now that the system is up, finish creating systems that need threading
894        __kernel_io_finish_start( *mainCluster );
895
896
897        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : Started\n--------------------------------------------------\n\n");
898
899        verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
900        enable_interrupts( __cfaabi_dbg_ctx );
901        verify( TL_GET( preemption_state.enabled ) );
902}
903
904static void __kernel_shutdown(void) {
905        //Before we start shutting things down, wait for systems that need threading to shutdown
906        __kernel_io_prepare_stop( *mainCluster );
907
908        /* paranoid */ verify( TL_GET( preemption_state.enabled ) );
909        disable_interrupts();
910        /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
911
912        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "\n--------------------------------------------------\nKernel : Shutting down\n");
913
914        // SKULLDUGGERY: Notify the mainProcessor it needs to terminates.
915        // When its coroutine terminates, it return control to the mainThread
916        // which is currently here
917        __atomic_store_n(&mainProcessor->do_terminate, true, __ATOMIC_RELEASE);
918        __kernel_last_resume( kernelTLS.this_processor );
919        mainThread->self_cor.state = Halted;
920
921        // THE SYSTEM IS NOW COMPLETELY STOPPED
922
923        // Disable preemption
924        kernel_stop_preemption();
925
926        unregister((__processor_id_t*)mainProcessor);
927
928        // Destroy the main processor and its context in reverse order of construction
929        // These were manually constructed so we need manually destroy them
930        void ^?{}(processor & this) with( this ){
931                /* paranoid */ verify( this.do_terminate == true );
932                __atomic_fetch_sub( &cltr->nprocessors, 1u, __ATOMIC_SEQ_CST );
933                __cfaabi_dbg_print_safe("Kernel : destroyed main processor context %p\n", &runner);
934        }
935
936        ^(*mainProcessor){};
937
938        // Final step, destroy the main thread since it is no longer needed
939
940        // Since we provided a stack to this taxk it will not destroy anything
941        /* paranoid */ verify(mainThread->self_cor.stack.storage == (__stack_t*)(((uintptr_t)&storage_mainThreadCtx)| 0x1));
942        ^(*mainThread){};
943
944        ^(*mainCluster){};
945
946        ^(*__scheduler_lock){};
947
948        ^(__cfa_dbg_global_clusters.list){};
949        ^(__cfa_dbg_global_clusters.lock){};
950
951        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : Shutdown complete\n");
952}
953
954//=============================================================================================
955// Kernel Idle Sleep
956//=============================================================================================
957// Wake a thread from the front if there are any
958static bool __wake_one(struct __processor_id_t * id, cluster * this) {
959        /* paranoid */ verify( ready_schedule_islocked( id ) );
960
961        // Check if there is a sleeping processor
962        processor * p = pop(this->idles);
963
964        // If no one is sleeping, we are done
965        if( 0p == p ) return false;
966
967        // We found a processor, wake it up
968        post( p->idle );
969
970        return true;
971}
972
973// Unconditionnaly wake a thread
974static bool __wake_proc(processor * this) {
975        __cfadbg_print_safe(runtime_core, "Kernel : waking Processor %p\n", this);
976
977        disable_interrupts();
978                /* paranoid */ verify( ! kernelTLS.preemption_state.enabled );
979                bool ret = post( this->idle );
980        enable_interrupts( __cfaabi_dbg_ctx );
981
982        return ret;
983}
984
985static void __halt(processor * this) with( *this ) {
986        if( do_terminate ) return;
987
988        #if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
989                __tls_stats()->ready.sleep.halts++;
990        #endif
991        // Push self to queue
992        push(cltr->idles, *this);
993
994        // Makre sure we don't miss a thread
995        if( __has_next_thread(cltr) ) {
996                // A thread was posted, make sure a processor is woken up
997                struct __processor_id_t *id = (struct __processor_id_t *) this;
998                ready_schedule_lock  ( id );
999                        __wake_one( id, cltr );
1000                ready_schedule_unlock( id );
1001                #if !defined(__CFA_NO_STATISTICS__)
1002                        __tls_stats()->ready.sleep.cancels++;
1003                #endif
1004        }
1005
1006        wait( idle );
1007}
1008
1009//=============================================================================================
1010// Unexpected Terminating logic
1011//=============================================================================================
1012static __spinlock_t kernel_abort_lock;
1013static bool kernel_abort_called = false;
1014
1015void * kernel_abort(void) __attribute__ ((__nothrow__)) {
1016        // abort cannot be recursively entered by the same or different processors because all signal handlers return when
1017        // the globalAbort flag is true.
1018        lock( kernel_abort_lock __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2 );
1019
1020        // first task to abort ?
1021        if ( kernel_abort_called ) {                    // not first task to abort ?
1022                unlock( kernel_abort_lock );
1023
1024                sigset_t mask;
1025                sigemptyset( &mask );
1026                sigaddset( &mask, SIGALRM );            // block SIGALRM signals
1027                sigaddset( &mask, SIGUSR1 );            // block SIGALRM signals
1028                sigsuspend( &mask );                            // block the processor to prevent further damage during abort
1029                _exit( EXIT_FAILURE );                          // if processor unblocks before it is killed, terminate it
1030        }
1031        else {
1032                kernel_abort_called = true;
1033                unlock( kernel_abort_lock );
1034        }
1035
1036        return kernelTLS.this_thread;
1037}
1038
1039void kernel_abort_msg( void * kernel_data, char * abort_text, int abort_text_size ) {
1040        $thread * thrd = kernel_data;
1041
1042        if(thrd) {
1043                int len = snprintf( abort_text, abort_text_size, "Error occurred while executing thread %.256s (%p)", thrd->self_cor.name, thrd );
1044                __cfaabi_bits_write( STDERR_FILENO, abort_text, len );
1045
1046                if ( &thrd->self_cor != thrd->curr_cor ) {
1047                        len = snprintf( abort_text, abort_text_size, " in coroutine %.256s (%p).\n", thrd->curr_cor->name, thrd->curr_cor );
1048                        __cfaabi_bits_write( STDERR_FILENO, abort_text, len );
1049                }
1050                else {
1051                        __cfaabi_bits_write( STDERR_FILENO, ".\n", 2 );
1052                }
1053        }
1054        else {
1055                int len = snprintf( abort_text, abort_text_size, "Error occurred outside of any thread.\n" );
1056                __cfaabi_bits_write( STDERR_FILENO, abort_text, len );
1057        }
1058}
1059
1060int kernel_abort_lastframe( void ) __attribute__ ((__nothrow__)) {
1061        return get_coroutine(kernelTLS.this_thread) == get_coroutine(mainThread) ? 4 : 2;
1062}
1063
1064static __spinlock_t kernel_debug_lock;
1065
1066extern "C" {
1067        void __cfaabi_bits_acquire() {
1068                lock( kernel_debug_lock __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2 );
1069        }
1070
1071        void __cfaabi_bits_release() {
1072                unlock( kernel_debug_lock );
1073        }
1074}
1075
1076//=============================================================================================
1077// Kernel Utilities
1078//=============================================================================================
1079//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1080// Locks
1081void  ?{}( semaphore & this, int count = 1 ) {
1082        (this.lock){};
1083        this.count = count;
1084        (this.waiting){};
1085}
1086void ^?{}(semaphore & this) {}
1087
1088bool P(semaphore & this) with( this ){
1089        lock( lock __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2 );
1090        count -= 1;
1091        if ( count < 0 ) {
1092                // queue current task
1093                append( waiting, kernelTLS.this_thread );
1094
1095                // atomically release spin lock and block
1096                unlock( lock );
1097                park( __cfaabi_dbg_ctx );
1098                return true;
1099        }
1100        else {
1101            unlock( lock );
1102            return false;
1103        }
1104}
1105
1106bool V(semaphore & this) with( this ) {
1107        $thread * thrd = 0p;
1108        lock( lock __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2 );
1109        count += 1;
1110        if ( count <= 0 ) {
1111                // remove task at head of waiting list
1112                thrd = pop_head( waiting );
1113        }
1114
1115        unlock( lock );
1116
1117        // make new owner
1118        unpark( thrd __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2 );
1119
1120        return thrd != 0p;
1121}
1122
1123bool V(semaphore & this, unsigned diff) with( this ) {
1124        $thread * thrd = 0p;
1125        lock( lock __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2 );
1126        int release = max(-count, (int)diff);
1127        count += diff;
1128        for(release) {
1129                unpark( pop_head( waiting ) __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2 );
1130        }
1131
1132        unlock( lock );
1133
1134        return thrd != 0p;
1135}
1136
1137//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1138// Global Queues
1139void doregister( cluster     & cltr ) {
1140        lock      ( __cfa_dbg_global_clusters.lock __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2);
1141        push_front( __cfa_dbg_global_clusters.list, cltr );
1142        unlock    ( __cfa_dbg_global_clusters.lock );
1143}
1144
1145void unregister( cluster     & cltr ) {
1146        lock  ( __cfa_dbg_global_clusters.lock __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2);
1147        remove( __cfa_dbg_global_clusters.list, cltr );
1148        unlock( __cfa_dbg_global_clusters.lock );
1149}
1150
1151void doregister( cluster * cltr, $thread & thrd ) {
1152        lock      (cltr->thread_list_lock __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2);
1153        cltr->nthreads += 1;
1154        push_front(cltr->threads, thrd);
1155        unlock    (cltr->thread_list_lock);
1156}
1157
1158void unregister( cluster * cltr, $thread & thrd ) {
1159        lock  (cltr->thread_list_lock __cfaabi_dbg_ctx2);
1160        remove(cltr->threads, thrd );
1161        cltr->nthreads -= 1;
1162        unlock(cltr->thread_list_lock);
1163}
1164
1165//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1166// Debug
1167__cfaabi_dbg_debug_do(
1168        extern "C" {
1169                void __cfaabi_dbg_record_lock(__spinlock_t & this, const char prev_name[]) {
1170                        this.prev_name = prev_name;
1171                        this.prev_thrd = kernelTLS.this_thread;
1172                }
1173
1174                void __cfaabi_dbg_record_thrd($thread & this, bool park, const char prev_name[]) {
1175                        if(park) {
1176                                this.park_caller   = prev_name;
1177                                this.park_stale    = false;
1178                        }
1179                        else {
1180                                this.unpark_caller = prev_name;
1181                                this.unpark_stale  = false;
1182                        }
1183                }
1184        }
1185)
1186
1187//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1188// Debug
1189bool threading_enabled(void) __attribute__((const)) {
1190        return true;
1191}
1192// Local Variables: //
1193// mode: c //
1194// tab-width: 4 //
1195// End: //
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